A fast-growing field in health care, exercise physiology is all about understanding how the body is affected by activity such as sports and training. Fitness activity benefits the body at a cellular level, and exercise physiology can help you understand how different activities can help your body’s many systems, including the skeleton, the muscles, breathing and digestion.
When you work your body hard, you push many of your bodily systems to extremes, and this process is known in exercise physiology as ‘overload’. It’s beneficial to the body for many reasons. Stimulating your body to work harder can improve its efficiently, right down to a cellular level, and help prevent or delay the onset of chronic disease.
Fitness work is not only useful for healthy bodies, it can also be invaluable to provide therapy for people with a known illness, to help their bodies to function better. Scientific research has expanded our understanding of the way that aerobic and anaerobic activity can complement medical treatment in cases of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, ageing, obesity and disuse atrophy.
To understand how your body benefits from a good work-out, it’s useful to know how your cells generate the energy they need to power your activity. How are your muscles affected by a long cycle ride, and how is that different to the way they feel after a sudden sprint for the bus? How does your nervous system work, and how can it benefit from a session on the rowing machine? What is pulmonary hypertension, and how can you help to prevent it by keeping in shape? We can help you find answers to all these questions, and more.